Picture of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Richard S. Gray

Richard S. Gray Professor, Canadian Wheat Board Research Chair in Canadian Grain Policy Enhancement (Sabbatical leave July 1, 2017 - June 30, 2018)

3E64 - Agriculture Building

Research Area(s)

  • Agricultural international trade
  • Land use
  • Risk and production economics
  • Food safety
  • Economics of nutrition
  • Agricultural marketing


Agricultural and Resource Economics

Research Interests

Since joining the University of Saskatchewan in 1990, I have supervised the research of more than fifty motivated graduates students with diverse research interests.  While some of the research was motivated by theoretical contributions, most of our research has been pursued with the goal of creating objective knowledge required to inform the debate around contemporary agricultural policy issues. The research topics have ranged from international trade, land use, risk and production economics, food safety, economics of nutrition, climate change, food security GM regulation, agricultural marketing, grain transportation and various aspects of agricultural innovation.  

With the vast and growing body of empirical evidence of the returns to agricultural innovation and the scope for advances in genomics and digital mechanisation, I have become convinced that greater investments in the development of agricultural innovation systems is an important pathway for economic growth, and perhaps the only pathway for achieving environmentally sustainable global economic growth. For the past decade I have focused on the economics of research, intellectual property management, innovation systems. I led the Canadian Agricultural Innovation Regulation Network from 2003 to 2013. Since 2011, I have held the Canadian Grain Policy Chair in our department.

When I am not busy with my teaching or research, you can find me on the family grain farm at Indian Head, Saskatchewan.

Selected Recent Publications


Awada, Lana, Gray R.S, and Cecil Nagy (forthcoming 2015 ). The Benefits and Costs of Zero Tillage RD&E on the Canadian Prairies . Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Ge, H., Gray, R., Nolan, J. 2015. Regulation, Complexity and Policy Change in a Modern Supply Chain: A Comparison of Simulated Handling Strategies Against Analytic ResultsInternational Journal of Production Economics 159, 208-220. 

Wu, Yunhua, Gray, R. S. and K. K. Klein 2015. Changing The Milk Marketing Channel In China After The Melamine Scandal: Impacts On Dairy Farmers’ Feed Inputs And Milk RevenuesInternational Journal of Research in Management, Economics and Commerce Volume 5 (3):p139-53.

Ge, H., Nolan, J. and Gray, R. 2014. Identifying Strategies to Mitigate Handling Risks in the Canadian Grain Supply ChainCanadian Journal of Agricultural Economics  doi: 10.1111/cjag.12039

Viktoriya Galushko and Richard Gray 2014. Twenty five years of private wheat breeding in the UK: Lessons for other countriesScience and Public Policy first published online March 11, 2014 doi:10.1093/scipol/scu004 pp.1-15.

Alston, J. M. and R.S. Gray, 2013.  Wheat Research Funding in Australia: The Rise of Public–Private–Producer PartnershipsEuroChoices, 12: 30–35. doi: 10.1111/1746-692X.12017 

Mohammad Shakeri and  Richard S. Gray 2013. The Industry Determinants of Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Canadian Producer Prices . International Journal of the Economics of Business 20 (1):15-38.

Brewin, D. G., Gray, R., & Karagiannis, G. 2012. Revisiting the Impact of Trade Liberalization and Mergers on the Malting Industry of North AmericaGerman Journal Of Agricultural Economics61(4): 244-253.

Bakhshi, S. and Gray, R. S. 2012. Acreage Response to Whole Farm Income Stabilisation ProgrammesJournal of Agricultural Economics 63: 385–407.

Galushko, V., R.S. Gray and  E. Oikonomou. 2012. Operating in an Intellectual Property World: Knowledge Sharing among Plant Breeders in CanadaCanadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 60 (3) 295-316.

Mohammad Shakeri, Richard S. Gray and Jeremy Leonard, 2012. Dutch Disease or Failure to Compete? A Diagnosis of Canada’s Manufacturing Woes.  IRPP Study #30 (May).

Gray, R. S. and S. Malla. 2011. Managing Public IP with Downstream Inter-firm Research Spillovers.  Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 59(4):475-91.

Mohammad Khaledi, Simon Weseen. Erin Sawyer,  R.S. Gray, 2010. Factors Influencing Partial and Complete Adoption of Organic Farming , Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 58 (1): 37-56

Smyth, S. J. and R. S. Gray. 2010. Intellectual Property Sharing Agreements in Gene Technology: Implications for Research and CommercializationInternational Journal of Intellectual Property Management 4 (3): 179-190.

Galushko, V., R. Gray and S. J. Smyth. 2010. Resolving FTO Barriers in GM CanolaAgBioForum 13: 4: 360-369.


OECD 2011. (S. Kimura, C. Moreddu and R.S. Gray) Fostering Productivity and Competitiveness in Agriculture, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264166820-en

Gray, R.S. 2010. It All Makes Cents: the Economics of Conservation Tillage Landscapes. Transformed: The History of Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding /Wayne Lindwall and Bernie Sonntag, editors. ISBN 978-0-9812843-1-6

Terrence S. Veeman and Richard Gray, 2010. “The Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Production and Productivity in Canada” Chapter 6 of J.M. Alston, B. Babcock, and P.G. Pardey (eds.) Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Production and Productivity Worldwide.  CARD-MATRIC Electronic Book.  Ames, IA: Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, May 2010.


Richard Gray. 2014. Privatizing wheat breeding in Canada: challenges and prospects. CAES Annual Meetings. Vancouver. May 28 – June 1, 2014.

Viktoriya Galushko, Richard Gray, Jordan Woloshyn. 2012. A re-examination of the role of intellectual property rights in U.S. seed exports. The 28th Triennial Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), Brazil, August 19th, 2012.

Richard Gray. 2013. Lessons from the UK Grain Research Systems. CAIRN WORKSHOP January 23, 2013. Chateau Laurier. Ottawa, ON.

R.S. Gray. 2012. “ Intellectual Property Rights and the role of public and levy-funded research: Some lessons from international experience” Chapter 13, Improving Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems. OECD Conference Proceedings.

R.S. Gray and K. Bolek, 2012. “Grain Research Funding in Australia: Lessons from International Experience” Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Annual Meeting, Freemantle, February 7.


Richard S. Gray. 2015. The Economic Impacts Of Elevated Basis Levels On Western Canadian Grain Producers in the 2012/13, 2013/14 and 2014/14, August 2015.

Richard Gray “Policy Options to Reduce Basis levels” Presentation to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agri-Food, April 2, 2014

Galushko, V. and R.S. Gray 2013. The Privatization of British Wheat Breeding: What Can Canada Learn? –CAIRN Publication # 34.

Alston, J.M., R.S.  Gray and K.  Bolek 2012. Farmer-Funded R&D: Institutional Innovations for Enhancing Agricultural Research Investments CAIRN Publication # 28.

Gray, R.S. and K. Bolek 2011. Some International Successes in Funding Crop Research for Implementation in Canada, CAIRN Policy Brief #22.


BPBE 315: A third year course Applied Micro Economics with Calculus

BPBE 820:  Graduate Applied Micro-Economics

BPBE 851: Agricultural Policy and Institutions